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Training Needs Analysis in the Construction Industry
WHAT IS A TRAINING NEEDS ANALYSIS
Analysis: The study we do in order to figure out what to do. - Allison Rossett & Kendra Sheldon (2001).
A Training Needs Analysis (TNA) is the process used to identify the training and development needs of your
employees (all trades, professions, employees and contractors), so that they can carry out their job effectively,
safely and efficiently, and develop their careers (sucession planning).
The TNA considers the skills, knowledge and attributes (behaviours) that your people need and how to identify
and develop them effectively. The outcome of your TNA should be a robust learning and development plan,
based on identified requirements and linked to organisational, team and individual objectives.
When carried out effectively, a TNA will have many positive effects for your organisation, teams and
individuals, as the training which follows as a result of the TNA should be relevant and meet their development
THE TRAINING NEEDS ANALYSIS (TNA) PROCESS
The TNA process is about gathering information to identify gaps between job knowledge and skills required
now or for future employment needs and the current knowledge and skills of an employee or group of
employees. It starts with collecting information against the four levels of needs (legislation, organisation, job
and individual needs). Once the information has been collected, it is then analysed using a variety of sample
templates (located in this document). The needs/gaps are identified and categorised into learning
opportunities or non-learning opportunities as per the diagram below.