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A WORK INSTRUCTION TEMPLATE FOR CAST-IN-PLACE CONCRETE
CONSTRUCTION LABORERS
Claudio Mourgues and Martin Fischer
Abstract
The state-of-practice method to deliver work instructions to construction laborers
(verbal communication plus construction drawing sets) often fails to effectively
communicate the design and construction information that laborers need to perform
their work. Poor quality of construction drawings (e.g., irrelevant, lengthy and unclear
information) plus inadequate verbal communication skills of the actors in the field
(field management and laborers) lead to many mistakes and inefficiencies. This
problem is becoming critical today as these actors’ cultural and social backgrounds are
increasingly different and varied and construction projects are getting more complex.
This problem prompts for a formalization of the information in the instructions that
allows field management to deliver instructions more consistently and reduce the
negative impacts of traditional verbal instructions.
This paper presents a template that defines the format and content for work
instructions for cast-in-place (CIP) concrete laborers in the construction industry. We
developed this template starting from characteristics of good instructions found in the
literature and then tested and revised it through active participation in several
multifamily housing projects for CIP concrete work.
The field-based validation showed that both laborers and field management personnel
felt that instructions based on our template reduce the rework and the number of
questions during the work and increases productivity and safety. Based on this
validation, we claim that this template is a better way to communicate work
instructions to laborers than the traditional practice. This template contributes to the
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source: cife.stanford.edu
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