Literature Review Example 2 - Free Download
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Sample Literature Review of One Paper
Paper Citation: Johnson, William R. and Jonathan Skinner (1986) “Labor Supply and Martial Separation,” The
American Economic Review, 76(3) (June): 455-469.
[Note the Format of the Citation: Author Names (Year) "Paper Title," Journal Title, Volume(Number) (Month):
page numbers. More examples of reference citation are at the end of this document.]
This paper examines the relationship between women's labor supply and divorce. The authors find that women
who divorce had increased their labor supply during the three years prior, raising questions as to the cause-
effect relationship between women's labor supply and marital dissolution. In other words, they try to
disentangle the question of whether women's increasing labor force participation contributes to increased
divorce or whether women who anticipate divorce increase their labor force participation as a result of that
[Note: This first paragraph is an overview or abstract of the paper]
Johnson and Skinner (1986) analyzed data from the Michigan Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID), which
allowed them to estimate predicted divorce probabilities based on actual divorce. They then used this predicted
probability of divorce and actual divorce in estimates of female LFP, and though both variables had positive
coefficients, they were statistically insignificant.
Johnson and Skinner (1986) included residence in a state with no-fault divorce legislation in their predicted
labor supply equations. They concluded that living in a state with a no-fault divorce law has a negative impact
on women’s labor supply. However, Johnson and Skinner’s (1986) analysis used PSID data from 1972, when
only a few states had changed their divorce laws to no-fault; this created a small comparison group and a
limited amount of time for the laws' effects to occur.
Though Johnson and Skinner’s (1986) analysis suggested that no-fault divorce had a negative impact on
married women’s LFP, later research has consistently found that married women living in states with no-fault
divorce laws are more likely to work, but the effects are small.
[Note: These paragraphs summarize details of the paper's methodology and data that are relevant to the paper
this student is trying to write]
[Note: The in-text citation style is Author (Year)]