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E. It is likely that life on another planet would require conditions similar to those on Earth.
In stating that planets may exist that are similar enough to Earth to make them suitable for
supporting life, the author implicitly rules out planets dissimilar to Earth as likely to support life.
The assumption underlying the statement is that life on another planet is likely to require
conditions similar to those on Earth. Therefore, E is the correct answer.
A is not correct. The statement presupposes nothing about the appearance of extraterrestrial
life. B is incorrect. The statement implies that it is relatively unlikely that life exists on other
planets in our solar system, but it makes no presupposition absolutely ruling out the possibility
that such life exists. The answer choice of C is incorrect. Although the statement suggests that
there is the greatest chance for life when physical conditions are appropriate, it leaves open
the possibility that no life will exist even with appropriate conditions. D is also incorrect. The
statement says that it is possible that more than one of the suns in the galaxy is accompanied
by an Earth-like planet, but it does not presuppose that there are actually any such suns.
6.The state with the greatest fraction of its population in urban areas, if the urban areas are
considered to include the suburbs, is California. The West is highly urbanized, but California is
exceptional even in that region: 91 percent of its population lives in urban areas.
Geographically, however, California is rural: 96 percent of its land is outside urban areas.
If all of the statements are true, which of the following is best supported on the basis of them
A. No state has a smaller fraction of its population in rural areas than California has.
B. The current rate of population growth in California’s urban areas exceeds that current rate
of population growth in California’s rural areas.
C. In California 96 percent of the population lives on 9 percent of the land.
D. No state has a smaller area devoted to urban settlement than California has.
E. California’s population density is among the highest of all states in the United States.
The passage states that of all the states, California has the greatest fraction of its population
(91 out of 100) living in urban areas. That means only 9 out of every 100 California residents
live in rural areas. The greatest fraction of any other states’ population living in urban areas, to
be smaller than California’s fraction, must be 90 or fewer out of every 100. That means that, in
every other state, 10 or more out of every 100 residents live in rural areas. Since 9 out of
every 100 is smaller than 10 or more out of every 100, so A is the correct answer.